Antonín Bartoš (12 October 1910 Lanžhot – 13 December 1998 New York) was a Czechoslovakian soldier, member of the World War IIresistance (and commander of Operation Clay), postwar member of the National Assembly for the Czechoslovak National Socialist Party, and later participant of anti-communist resistance.
Bartoš was born in Lanžhot, then part of Austria-Hungary, on 12 September 1910. His father was a railway employee, and his mother was a housewife. He had two brothers and a sister. He passed four grades of elementary school, and in 1929 passed an exam in Břeclavgymnasium. From 1930 to 1932, he was a postal service employee in Břeclav.
On 1 March 1932, he started his national service with the border patrol battalion in Trebišov. After failed admission to a military academy to become an officer (for medical reasons, apparently due to his previous dispute with a regiment doctor), he was discharged from military service and returned to work for National Mail. On 24 September 1938, he was drafted back into the army, and after dissolution of the army returned first Hodonín and later to Brno.
From the fear of imprisonment, he escaped the country (then under German occupation. Through Slovakia, Hungary, Yugoslavia and Syria managed to get to France. There he joined a Czechoslovakian force with which he took part in the Battle of France. After the Allied defeat he was evacuated to Great Britain.
He landed in England on 13 July 1940, and was assigned to 2nd march battalion. From 2 January to 15 March 1941 … trained at military school and was promoted to lance corporal. Upon his own request he was assigned to special task unit where from 21 February until 19 December 1942 participated in sabotage, parachute and industrial espionage training. During the final stage of conspiracy training he was already promoted to corporal. On 7 March 1943 he was promoted to sergeant. Before 3 June 1943 he finished his civil job training as a mechanic. From 12 July 1943 he took part in another two trainings in radio communication in London and Scotland. From 11 to 23 October he 1943 stayed at waiting station from which he was transferred to Algeria. Here he continued his training.