There are multiple factors which contribute to gender equality in Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire). The history of the Ivory Coast still influences gender inequality in the country. A large factor which also pushes the nation back to be a strong economic player is the lack of education especially for women. It starts from primary education up to higher level education where girls are obviously disadvantaged compared to boys. Arranged marriages for girls who are often under the age of 18 and lack of knowledge about laws and their rights also promote gender inequality.
Due to the Ivorian Civil War, gender based violence has increased, especially during and after this period of time. A lot of Ivorian women have to deal with domestic violence. Discussion groups have been created to address the issues and spread attention. Furthermore a lot of global movements and campaigns have been invented to promote gender parity in Côte d’Ivoire.
According to Clignet the history of Ivorian society has a huge impact on how women are viewed nowadays. The relationship towards France and the common past influenced Ivorian tradition and cultural also referred to women.
The disadvantage of girls in terms of education is presented through Statistics published in 2015 by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics. It shows that 74.7% of girls and 83.7% of boys were enrolled in primary level schools. But the gross enrollment rate for other levels like secondary level education states that it were only 36.6% girls compared to 51% of boys. In higher education the enrollment rates sink from 11.2% of enrolled male students opposed to just 7.3% of females. According to Grisay girls are already interior to boys when it comes to primary education like learning and speaking French. It also has to do with certain cultural origins that follow the habit that girls education is not as important as the education for boys. For that reason girls participate school way less than boys or leave school earlier. Therefore girls have less opportunities to learn languages like french. The educational stages of girls are also impacted by the situation of the family itself. A lot of girls leave the circle of the family less than boys so possibilities to speak and practice language decrease automatically. Because of that fathers also tend to communicate more with their sons and train them to speak French.
Moreover classes in the Ivory Coast consist mainly of oral participation. Because girls are told to hold themselves back and try not to stand out also culturally, female students developed a passive attitude overtime and started to speak less in class. This also contributed to the fact that women are disadvantaged in the Ivorian education system.